Completed Contract Method CCM: Examples in Accounting

which of the following is not true about accounting for long-term construction contracts

These changes are treated currently and prospectively; that is, in the current and future periods, if affected. B. Both current and non-current deferred tax assets. Consequently, at the end of year two, there is a future taxable difference because future taxable income will exceed future pre-tax accounting income. Taxable differences give rise to deferred tax liabilities.

The accrual basis of accounting is required by GAAP. A change from an inappropriate method to the correct method is treated as an error correction. The procedure requires retrospective application, resulting in an after-tax cumulative adjustment to prior years’ earnings to the beginning balance in retained earnings.

Cost-Plus Contracts vs. Lump Sum Contracts

Instead of using the “Revenue” account, these progress billings are recorded under a separate “Progress Billing” account for each project. Below, we’ll offer a brief comparison between lump sum contracts and other contract types. When using a template to create a lump sum agreement, ensure that a construction attorney reviews the terms and modifies the contract as necessary for the specific project. Generally, the owner will request that the GC collects lien waivers from all contractors involved in the project to ensure that everyone has been paid in full and will not file a mechanics lien on the property.

which of the following is not true about accounting for long-term construction contracts

No time delay, recognize revenue upon delivery. Using the Summary table above, as a guide, calculate the Revenue to be recognized for the reporting period. A summary of how the two factors influence the amount of Revenue and Expense which should be recognized can be found below. The steps/approach to calculating each element is shown in the section below. An insurance policy rarely meets every contractor’s needs out of the box.


No gain will be recognized by Windco in connection with its acquisition of trace. Neither the cash transferred nor the common stock issued had a carrying value less than fair value. The carrying value and fair value of the cash are the same, $100,000. And, since the common stock was newly issued, it would be valued at the market price of the stock, with the excess over par value recognized as additional paid-in capital, not as a gain. Further, there was no bargain purchase amount to be recognized as a gain.

This method is similar to the installment sales method but is more conservative. It is used if the costs to provide goods or services cannot be reasonably determined. Sometimes there is also substantial uncertainty about the collectivity of sales proceeds. Under this method, sales are recognized when cash is received but no gross profit is recognized until all of the costs of goods sold are collected. That is, it recognizes profit only when cash collections exceed the total cost of the product sold.

Advantages of Lump Sum Contracts

If a contract with a customer meets the criteria in Step 1 at contract inception, an entity does not reassess those criteria unless there is an indication of a significant change in facts and circumstances. The assessment of whether a significant change in facts and circumstances occurred is situation-specific and often a matter of judgment. While step 1 seems fairly straightforward, sometimes its application can pose a challenge.

The Financial Accounting Standards Board issued a new rule, ASC 606, that affects general construction accounting. ASC 606 is already in effect for most companies, although some were given an extension due to the COVID-19 pandemic. When a contractor has accepted a contract, a separate account is opened for each contract, bringing together all the costs relating to a particular contract.

Recommended explanations on Business-studies Textbooks

This post summarizes how the changes under the new revenue recognition standard may impact tax filing and compliance. Subtract the contract revenue recognized to date through the preceding period from the total amount of revenue that can be recognized. Recognize the result in the current accounting period.